Phu Quoc’s dog is a specific characteristics in the island. A dog breed originating in Phu Quoc Island off southern Kien Giang province. It is one of the world’s only three breeds showing the rare trait of having a ridge-back.
I/ PHU QUOC DOG FARM INFORMATION
Some authors believe all ridgeback breeds originate from the same basic pariah stock common to both Asia and Africa. Note that Phu Quoc dogs usually have longer coats, deeper chests and more sword-like tails. Phu Quoc dogs also differ from the Thai ridgeback by the fact that they are heavy barkers, while Thai dogs are much quieter. Although the Rhodesian ridgeback and Thai ridgeback, with their much heavier bodies show some dissimilarities (in morphology and habits) with the Phu Quoc dog, the theory of a common origin is considered as plausible. Indeed, much sea traffic passed Phu Quoc in historical times and Phu Quoc dogs may have been transported from Thailand to Southern Africa.
Vuong Trung Son Co, a company operating a farm in the Mekong Delta province of Hau Giang has started a breeding program to protect the breed, starting with 44 Phu Quoc dogs collected on Phu Quoc Island. Vuong Trung Son Co. has kept profiles for all Phu Quoc dogs at the farm and prevents cross-breeding to avoid hybrids. A dog training center also works to preserve and protect Phu Quoc dogs. Mr. Pham Diem Binh, the owner of the center, said his center sold 50 Phu Quoc purebred dogs, including 10 to France, at the end of 2004. The center is now home to some 500 Phu Quoc dogs. A dog with a typical pariah dog appearance and a small head, relatively long snout, and thin ears. The most typical trait is the ridge running along the spine of the dog. Hair along the ridge is tougher and longer and often stands on end whenever the dog is excited or go on the hunt. Other key features of the breed include: a black tail-tip and a triangular root to the tail, dark nails and nose, and dark speckles on the tongue. The dog’s tapering belly, straight legs and webbed toes allow it to swim and run exceedingly well. Originally the Phu Quoc ridgeback could be found in four main coat colors or patterns: spotted, black, yellow, and striped, but today a large palette of coat colors exist. A mature dog weighs about 20-25kg. They are intelligent and fiercely loyal dogs, unafraid of heights, which make them excellent hunters. They are very trusting with strangers, which makes them unsuitable as guard dogs.